Research & Reports

The judiciary and justice institutions are concentrated in urban areas with little or no presence in rural and nomadic communities. The customary system is prevalent in these areas. But also, it used in urban ...
During February, Puntland State remained relatively stable, although irregular VEO attacks continued, particularly in Bossaso and Galkayo. Sub-national conflict between Puntland and Somaliland led to two armed...
This is the documented customary law of Baidoa district, ratified in 2017 through a DDG-faciliated process. Read more here: Baidoa Xeer (Somali)
DDG, through its programmes in support of customary institutions in Somalia, facilitated the documentation of town-wide, multi-clan customary law agreements (Xeer) in 10 districts of Somalia. The full document...
This is an English translation of the documented customary law of Baidoa district, ratified in 2017 through a DDG-faciliated process. Read more here: Baidoa Xeer
The clan (qabiil) is a category of social organisation that anchors individual and group identity in Somalia. Not only are Somalis divided into different clans, but each clan is divided into sub-clans, each of...
Programmes to support customary justice in Somalia are often hampered by limited understanding of the country’s legal pluralism and how its different justice norms can contribute to stability. It is critical...
Justice sector reform in post-conflict environments depends on a number of prior steps. Effective conflict resolution must have occurred or mechanisms must be in place to ensure that the prosecution of rights ...
This study reviews the Danish Refugee Council’s (DRC) and the Danish Demining Group’s (DDG) engagement with customary justice institutions in Somalia, specifically during its most recent project: ‘The Ti...
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