Categories: Research Studies

During February, Puntland State remained relatively stable, although irregular VEO attacks continued, particularly in Bossaso and Galkayo. Sub-national conflict between Puntland and Somaliland led to two armed...
The clan (qabiil) is a category of social organisation that anchors individual and group identity in Somalia. Not only are Somalis divided into different clans, but each clan is divided into sub-clans, each of...
Programmes to support customary justice in Somalia are often hampered by limited understanding of the country’s legal pluralism and how its different justice norms can contribute to stability. It is critical...
Somalia is a federal parliamentary republic. President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed “Farmaajo,” following his election by a joint vote of the two houses of parliament in February 2017, led the Federal Governm...
Over the past two decades, justice sector development has undergone an enormous transformation. The community of practice has broadly accepted that most ‘top-down’ approaches to reform have been unsuccessf...
During the reporting month of January, Puntland State was relatively peaceful. There were no major incidents of armed clashes reported during the month. The total number of violent fatalities decreased signifi...
Within fragile, conflict-affected and post-conflict settings, employment-promotion programmes are often presented as a ‘silver bullet’ to development and peacebuilding. These programmes, ranging from promo...
The first known US airstrikes in Somalia as part of the so-called War on Terror took place in 2007 under President George W. Bush. However it was not until the Obama administration took office in 2009 that a s...
The key elements of effective citizen engagement are civic education, institutional capacity, enabling environment and agreed framework for dialogue and a link – whether it is an established institution or s...
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